Permaculture: Gardening In Harmony With Nature
A coexistence of humans, animals and plants, in which the needs of all are met and even thought of subsequent generations – sounds like Utopia, but can be a reality with permaculture.
And in your garden or even on your balcony. We’ll show you how you can easily become permaculturally active and improve your garden in the long term.
What is permaculture?
Long-term self-regulation, sustainable optimization instead of short-term maximization and the creation of near-natural cycles are the guiding principles of permanent agriculture, permaculture in short. To date, it has developed into a holistic mindset that includes not only agricultural aspects, but also energy supply, intelligent landscape planning and social infrastructure design.
The model is natural ecosystems whose functions are to be applied to their own living spaces. All resources should be managed ecologically, economically and socially sustainable. The permaculture movement also opposes monocultures and the use of pesticides and more biodiversity.
Forest gardens as an ideal concept of permaculture
Creating a forest garden is the most extensive way to practice permaculture. To cultivate an entire ecosystem in such a way that every niche is used is not easy, but possible. Above all, one can take advantage of the different layers of vegetation. Fruit trees should form the higher layer, including berry bushes and near the ground herbs.
In the humus layer can also grow vegetables. Through a conscious selection of cooperating plants, you can secure a long-term food supply with a forest garden and at the same time create habitat for animals. If you do not have enough space to plant a whole forest right away, start small, because permaculture does not need much space.
Start with your own permaculture
Permaculture: Create community gardens
Collective gardening probably best embraces the basic principles of sustainable agriculture: as an ecological, economic and social measure. Urban Gardening becomes possible without having to pay much for your own garden.
Permaculture: Plant the balcony optimally
If you do not have your own garden or time for community, just create your own permaculture on the balcony. The principles of the best possible use of space with the aim to create new living spaces, you can realize even in a small space.
With climbing grids, pots on walls, railings or on the ceiling you can easily pull vegetables and berries. Shady balconies are suitable for garlic, lettuce and rhubarb. For kitchen herbs and sprouts you can even use only a windowsill. In a jiffy, you can manage a mini-forest garden.
Permaculture: Keep chickens
The coexistence of humans and animals plays an essential role in permaculture. So how about a few chickens for your garden? They scrape the soil, make it loose, they eat pests and weeds and fertilize at the same time.
If you set up your stable in a glasshouse, you can use their carbon dioxide and heat for the plants. In the permaculture system, these are not pollutants but useful yields.
Permaculture: Use compost worms
You can create another habitat in your compost. With a worm farm, nutrients are kept in the system and you can cover your own needs on fresh soil yourself. The good thing about it: compost worms can also be used in a small space. As they eat constantly, waste is quickly reduced.
Permaculture: Grow potatoes
Do you still have room on your balcony? Then grow potatoes. You only need 30 liters of potting soil and a large, tall flower pot or a few old car tires. It is important that excess liquid can drain through a hole in the ground. Put 15 centimeters of soil in the pot, place the potatoes on them at a distance of 10 centimeters and fill another 10 centimeters of soil.
If the potatoes have germinated and the foliage is 15 centimeters high, recharge soil. Repeat the whole thing to the height of 80 centimeters. So one pound of potatoes can be up to 10 kilograms new. Extra tip: Use old potato varieties that are no longer commercially available.